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—Abbey Road Studios (UK)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...Located at 3 Abbey Road, St. John’s Wood in North London, the EMI studios were the first purpose-built recording studios in England. The residential building was converted into three custom-built studios to suit larger recordings of full...

—Zyx Music (Germany)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...Zyx Music is a German independent record company with subsidiaries in most European countries (Switzerland, The Netherlands, Poland, Austria, France, Italy, the United Kingdom, Sweden) and the United States. With headquarters in Merenberg...

—Intercord Tontrager GmbH (Germany)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...Intercord was founded in 1966 in Stuttgart, south Germany by the German Holtzbrinck media group and was Germany’s largest independent record label and distributor (through its distribution arm Intercord Record Service (IRS)) until 1994...

—AIR Studios (UK)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...After leaving his position at EMI Records, Sir George Martin founded AIR (the acronym for Associated Independent Recordings) with fellow producers John Burgess, Ron Richards and Peter Sullivan in London in 1965. The AIR producers at first...

Pirate Radio

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...A synonym for illegal radio broadcasting, pirate radio played an important role in the dissemination of popular music in certain European countries in the 1960s. ‘Pirate’ derived from the fact that many stations were based on ships...

Radio Receiver

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...The radio receiver is an apparatus for detecting electromagnetic waves of radio frequency and amplifying them for the listener. With the beginning of radio broadcasting in 1920, the radio receiver created a new form of home entertainment...

—The Manor (UK)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...The Manor was one of the first residential recording studios in Britain. Situated in Shipton-on-Cherwell in Oxfordshire, the 100-acre property was purchased by Richard Branson in 1971. Producer Tom Newman and recording engineer Simon...

—Sun Studio (Memphis Recording Service) (US)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...The Memphis Recording Service, later Sun Studio, located at 706 Union Avenue, was founded by former WREC radio engineer Sam Phillips in 1950 as one of the first professional recording facilities in Memphis, Tennessee. It achieved legendary...

—Ariola (Germany)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...Ariola was the first record label of BMG Entertainment, the major record company privately held by the media giant Bertelsmann AG. BMG Ariola, as it is now known, is BMG’s repertoire company for the German-speaking region, with offices...

—edel music AG (Germany)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...At the beginning of the twenty-first century, edel was Europe’s leading and largest independent record company, with 80 subsidiaries in 16 countries, edel Gesellschaft fur Produktmarketing mbH was founded by Michael Haentjes in Hamburg...