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Coon Song

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume VIII : Genres: North America

The Continuum International, 2012

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...Coon songs were one of many varieties of ethnic-themed comic songs popular in vaudeville and music theater in the United States from roughly the 1880s to the 1920s, the targeted ethnic minority in this case being African Americans. Coon...

Strumming

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...To strum generally means to sound the strings of an instrument as one in a single stroke. Stringed instruments – for example, guitars – are conventionally held so that the player’s left hand produces the pitches by pressing the strings...

Tin Pan Alley

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume VIII : Genres: North America

The Continuum International, 2012

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...The term ‘Tin Pan Alley’ began as a playful nickname for West 28th Street in New York City, where a number of new-style music publishers had begun establishing offices in the 1890s, and has since taken on a variety of meanings. Composer...

Singing Cowboy

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume VIII : Genres: North America

The Continuum International, 2012

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...The term ‘Singing Cowboy’ refers to the featured performers in the musical western, a Hollywood film genre that lasted from 1934 to 1954, involving dramatic action interspersed with songs. A product of the Depression era, when film studios...

Bottleneck Guitar

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...Commonly associated with rural acoustic blues guitar styles, bottleneck guitar is a variation of the slide guitar technique. It is similar to the Hawaiian guitar technique and was possibly influenced by it, but it probably derived from...

Arranger

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...An arranger is a person whose task is to convert a musical text from one form to another. In most instances, this means recasting a piece of music into a version performable by a different instrument or a different kind of ensemble...

Hawaiian Guitar

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...‘Hawaiian guitar’ is a term that usually refers to the technique of playing the guitar flat in the lap while fretting the strings with a steel bar or similar implement. In Hawaii, this style is known as kìkā kila (steel guitar), but when...

Talking Blues

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume VIII : Genres: North America

The Continuum International, 2012

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...Talking blues denotes a song form that emerged in the late 1920s in the rural regions of the southern United States. It is characterized by humorous or satirical verses rhythmically spoken, rather than sung, almost invariably over solo...

Register

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...The term ‘register’ refers to the position and character of a select range of notes in relation to the overall compass or range of an instrument or voice. These positions are commonly described as upper, middle and lower registers, while...

Singer-songwriter

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume VIII : Genres: North America

The Continuum International, 2012

Encyclopedia Articles

4

... A first wave of singer-songwriters appeared in the mid-1960s, including Tim Buckley, Tim Hardin, Laura Nyro, Paul Simon (working with Art Garfunkel), Loudon Wainwright III and, in the UK, Donovan Leitch. Notable successes from...