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Slow Dragging

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...’slow dragging’ is a descriptor referring to a melodic line or accompaniment that consistently occurs slightly after each beat (pulse) and that contains equal accentuations of successive notes or chords, thus giving an impression...

Onbeat

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...‘Onbeat’ is a term commonly used to denote the temporal location of a single note, chord or rest on a beat (antonym: offbeat or afterbeat...

Afterbeat

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...Afterbeat‘Afterbeat’ is a term used to denote the temporal location of a musical event in measured music that occurs ‘after’ a ‘beat’ but prior to the ensuing beat. In reference to fast-tempo quadruple-meter musics, where beats 1 and 3...

Downbeat

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...‘Downbeat’ is a term generally used to denote the first beat of a bar, as in beat ‘!’ of a 4/4 bar. In this context, the term brings to mind the downward movement of a conductor’s arm when directing measured music. At other times, downbeat...

Drive

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...The term ‘drive’ relates to the rhythmic character of a jazz, rock or rock-derived accompaniment where successively sounded pulse, metrical units or points of rhythmic interest in a beat are equally highlighted through timbral, dynamic...

Stomping

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...’stomping’ generally denotes a performance practise that involves dynamic accentuation on all four beats of a quadruple-meter accompaniment. The term is largely associated with early jazz accompaniments, but it might also describe...

Upbeat

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...‘Upbeat’ is a term generally used to denote the final beat or part thereof that precedes and anticipates the first beat of a subsequent bar, as in beat ‘4’ or part thereof of a 4/4 bar. In this context, the term brings to mind the upward...

Shuffle Rhythm

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...’shuffle rhythm’ is an accompanimental rhythm that comprises successive alternations of long onbeat notes and short offbeat notes (see Ex. 1). One 4/4 bar of shuffle rhythm contains eight notes and, consequently, shuffle rhythms...

Polyrhythm

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...The term ‘polyrhythm’ denotes the rhythmic dissonance created by the simultaneous use of two or more dissimilar rhythms in different voice parts. In a sense, most forms of polyphonic popular music contain contrasting rhythms and therefore...

Oom-pah

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

4

... Garry Tamlyn . 1998. The Big Beat: Origins and Development of Snare Drum Backbeat and Other Accompani-mental Rhythms in Rock ‘n’ Roll. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Liverpool, UK....