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—King (US)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...Founded in Cincinnati, Ohio in 1943 by Syd Nathan, the King Record Company (with three subsidiary labels – Queen (1945), DeLuxe (bought from the original owners in 1948) and Federal (1950)) became a vibrant, self-contained US ‘indie’ during...

—Specialty (US)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...Launched in Los Angeles, California in 1946 by Art Rupe (from the seeds of his partnership in Juke Box Records, founded in 1944), Specialty became an important independent source of rhythm and blues (R&B), gospel and rock ’n’ roll...

—Atlantic (US)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

3

... with its Atco subsidiary, in 1958 the company successfully launched its first white pop star, Bobby Darin.After a worrying transition period that extended into the next decade, Atlantic again came to the fore with a realigned group of artists...

—Liberty (US)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

2

...Founded in Los Angeles, California in 1955 by Si Waronker, Liberty’s earliest successes were with sultry torch singer Julie London, the novelty recordings of David Seville and his tape-sped ‘Chipmunks,’ and rock ’n’ roller Eddie Cochran...