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...The songs of Thomas Mapfumo, the “Lion of Zimbabwe,” soundtracked the years on either end of Rhodesia’s independence, and later echoed a growing public criticism of Robert Mugabe. Born southeast of the capital city Harare in 1945, Mapfumo...

Jit (Jiti)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume XII : Genres: Sub-Saharan Africa

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Articles

...Jit, or jiti, is a term used to describe varieties of Zimbabwean music since at least the 1950s. The term’s meaning has evolved over the years. In general, jit refers to topical, lively songs of daily life, accompanied by anything from...

Sungura

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume XII : Genres: Sub-Saharan Africa

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Articles

...Sungura is a genre of guitar-driven popular music in Zimbabwe that draws on a wide range of regional styles, especially Congolese rumba, Kenyan benga, South African township music and Zimbabwean jit (jiti). Characterized by multiple...

Ndebele Pop

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume XII : Genres: Sub-Saharan Africa

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Articles

...While Ndebele pop is not a musical genre as such, the contributions of Ndebele musicians to a number of South African and Zimbabwean genres popular within Zimbabwe are sometimes referred to as ‘Ndebele pop.’ Traditional music of the Ndebele...

Chimurenga

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume XII : Genres: Sub-Saharan Africa

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Articles

...From the revered ancestral warrior Murenga Sororenzou (Vambe 2004, 167), chimurenga means ‘struggle’ in Shona, the dominant language of Zimbabwe. It first came into common use when Zimbabwe’s Shona and Ndebele communities openly resisted...

Rumba

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume XII : Genres: Sub-Saharan Africa

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Articles

...Before its association with a succession of commercial pop music styles, the term rumba referred to a neo-African traditional dance/music form in Cuba that has remained popular into the twenty-first century. Some of the musical roots...

Zimbabwe

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume VI : Locations: Africa and the Middle East

Continuum, 2016

Encyclopedia Articles

...Population: 13,076,000 (2002) The republic of Zimbabwe shares borders with Mozambique to the east, South Africa to the south, Botswana to the west and Zambia to the north. Most of the country is a high-rolling plateau where...