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Vinyl (Revised 2019)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...The vinyl record has proven a resilient format for the sale and consumption of recorded music since its introduction in 1948, though its fortunes in the global market have waxed and waned considerably. ‘Vinyl’ is the generic term...

Loudspeaker (Revised 2019)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...A loudspeaker or ‘speaker’ is an electroacoustic transducer used for transforming electrical signals into sound waves. In other words, it responds to incoming audio frequency electrical signals representing music or speech and,...

Video Disc (Revised 2019)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...A video disc is the equivalent of a sound-only LP or CD record but with the added ability to reproduce pictures as well as sound. This ability involves the recording of television-standard signals and the decoding of the results on replay...

Radio Receiver

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...The radio receiver is an apparatus for detecting electromagnetic waves of radio frequency and amplifying them for the listener. With the beginning of radio broadcasting in 1920, the radio receiver created a new form of home entertainment...

Sound Recording Technologies

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...The technology of sound recording dates back to the late 1800s. The wax and tinfoil cylinders, precursors of the modern phonograph, were among the influential inventions that heralded the end of the nineteenth century and the start...

Sampler

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...A sampler is a hybrid device – both a digital sound recorder and a musical instrument – that was designed to reproduce the sounds of conventional musical instruments, thereby making studio production more economical by eliminating the need...

Compact Disc (Revised 2019)

John Borwick

and

Dave Laing

Dave Laing is the author of several books on popular music and a former editor of Music Week. Former Research Fellow at the University of Westminster where he conducted research on the music industry. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...The compact disc (CD) was launched as a joint venture by Sony and Philips at the end of 1982. As the first digitally recorded consumer product to rival the vinyl disc it took a few years to get established. However, it then dominated...

Digital Compact Cassette (Revised 2019)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...The digital compact cassette (DCC) was launched in 1992 by Philips in association with Matsushita and others as a deliberate attempt to upgrade the analog compact cassette which they had introduced 30 years earlier. The aim was to give...

Stereo (Revised 2019)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...The term ‘stereo’ refers to a recording process that utilizes two discrete channels of audio information and is reproduced on two or more loudspeakers. Two loudspeakers (placed left and right in front of the listener) are considered...

Sequencer (Sequencer Software)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...A sequencer is a device that stores and plays back a series of voltages or performance commands and is used to control synthesizers and drum machines. Hardware sequencers, first in analog and then in digital form, have been a central...