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Interlude (Revised 2018)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...An ‘interlude’ (a term derived from the Latin ‘inter,’ meaning ‘between,’ and ‘ludus,’ meaning ‘play’) is a short passage of music that comes between parts of greater structural importance, that is, between the main parts of a performance...

Refrain (Revised 2018)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...An overture (French ouverture, meaning ‘opening’) is a piece of instrumental music (usually fairly extended) designed to introduce an opera or other work of musical theater. Overtures composed for nineteenth-century light operas (by...

Introduction

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...‘Introduction’ denotes preliminary material designed to set the scene for, and lead into, the main substance of a piece. Generally instrumental, the introduction in most popular songs establishes tempo, mood and characteristic material...

Standard

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...Rappingballads (Tin Pan AlleyA standard is a song or tune widely regarded, by the public and by musicians, as having an assured place in the repertoire by virtue of its longevity and quality. ‘Evergreen’ is almost synonymous, but it does...

Song (Revised 2018)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...The term ‘song’ refers to a category of musical production characterized by the importance of vocalization. The vocal may stand alone or be accompanied by non-vocal (for example, instrumental) sounds; it may be sung solo or by a group...

Refrain (Revised 2018)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...In its original meaning, a ‘refrain’ (from the Latin ‘frangere,’ meaning ‘to break’) is a short section (usually not more than one or two lines of text, and sometimes just one word) that recurs at the end (and more rarely at the beginning...

Compound Forms

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...‘Compound form’ is a term coined by Covach (2005) to describe songs that blend two kinds of song formats, for example, a verse/chorus structure and a superimposed AABA structure. In such songs a verse, an optional prechorus and a chorus...

Form

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...In traditional aesthetic thought, ‘form’ is often distinguished from ‘content.’ ‘Form’ is taken to suggest the idea of a ‘mold’ into which the ‘stuff’ of ‘content’ is poured. Such a rigid dichotomy – increasingly under attack within...

Outro

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...‘Outro’ is a late twentieth-century neologism coined to create an analogy with the term ‘intro(duction).’ An outro is a (usually short) concluding section, designed to signal that the main part of a piece is over, to round off the piece...

Stanza

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...A stanza is a group of lines of verse forming a definite pattern. Lyrics in popular songs are usually divided into stanzas, the most common patterns being formed through end-rhyme schemes that result most often in even-numbered groups...