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  • Traditional (Dixieland) Jazz
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King Oliver

Artist Pages

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...As a composer, many of Joseph Nathan “King” Oliver’s pieces remained jazz standards long after his death. Born in Aben, Louisiana in 1885, Oliver and his family moved to New Orleans when he was young. Despite beginning as a trombonist...

Jimmy Dorsey

Artist Pages

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...Along with his brother Tommy, Jimmy Dorsey’s meteoric career as a leader of a big band and as a clarinetist maintained relevance through the twentieth century. Born in Pennsylvania in 1904, Dorsey began playing trumpet but, by 1915, had...
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...Sidney Bechet (1897–1959) was an American saxophonist, clarinetist, and composer, best known as a pioneering figure in the evolution of jazz music. Born in New Orleans to a middle-class mixed-race family, Bechet learned to play instruments...

Gene Krupa

Artist Pages

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...With an outlandish performative style and the chops to back it up, Gene Krupa rose within the jazz world to become one of the first star drummers. He was born in Chicago in 1909. Krupa’s father, a Polish immigrant, had dreams of his son...
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...As one of jazz’s first composer-arrangers, Jelly Roll Morton managed to communicate the form’s focus on improvisation through notation. Born in New Orleans in 1890, Morton grew up in the city’s Creole community. At an early age, Morton...
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...Perhaps one of the most recognizable twentieth-century Americans, Louis Armstrong emerged from the early jazz scene to become its most continually popular interpreter. Born in Louisiana in 1901, Armstrong lived with his grandmother until he...

Fats Waller

Artist Pages

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...Thomas Wright “Fats” Waller was a jazz pianist and a popular comedic entertainer with a matching personality. Born on May 21, 1904, in Harlem, New York, Waller learned to play the piano at age six in his school orchestra. In later years, he...
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...The composer, musician, and bandleader Wynton Marsalis became one of the foremost promoters of New Orleans jazz history in the late twentieth century. Born in New Orleans in 1961, Marsalis began performing at the age of six with Danny...

British Traditional Jazz

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume XI : Genres: Europe

Bloomsbury Academic, 2017

Encyclopedia Articles

...British jazz in the 1940s and later was often divided simplistically into two very different but related styles – modern jazz and traditional jazz. British traditional jazz emerged slowly during World War II and after, not only...

Chicago Jazz

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume VIII : Genres: North America

The Continuum International, 2012

Encyclopedia Articles

...The name ‘Chicago jazz’ refers to a style of small-group jazz, played primarily by white musicians, which took root in the 1920s and has since the 1940s seen expression primarily in the ‘Dixieland’ or ‘traditional jazz’ ensembles...