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Dave Brubeck

Artist Pages

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...As one of the most identifiable and commercially successful members of the West Coast jazz scene, Dave Brubeck provided cheeky titles to his mathematically complicated music and became a celebrated composer and performer. Born...
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...The unique performativity and sound of Dizzy Gillespie’s trumpet playing changed the course of bebop and modern jazz. Born in South Carolina in 1917, Gillespie had taught himself how to play trumpet and trombone by the age of twelve...
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...The composer, musician, and bandleader Wynton Marsalis became one of the foremost promoters of New Orleans jazz history in the late twentieth century. Born in New Orleans in 1961, Marsalis began performing at the age of six with Danny...

Stan Kenton

Artist Pages

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...As a pioneer of progressive jazz, the work of Stan Kenton transformed the fundamental trajectory of jazz through the 1970s and in the process he became one of the form’s pivotal cult figures. He was born in Wichita, Kansas in 1911...
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...Through the bop and free-jazz eras, few composers exhibited as much creative versatility as Charles Mingus. Born in Arizona in 1922, Mingus was raised in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles. When he was a youth, his mother allowed only...
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...With eleven Grammy Awards for his jazz contributions, composer and saxophonist Wayne Shorter is one of the greatest living jazz artists. Born on August 25, 1933, in New Jersey, USA, Shorter started his musical pursuits at the age of sixteen...
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...As an arranger and saxophonist, Gerry Mulligan brought a unique style to the development of cool jazz in the 1950s and 1960s. He was born in Queens, New York City in 1927, and his father relocated the family to Ohio where they employed...

Symphonic Jazz

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume VIII : Genres: North America

The Continuum International, 2012

Encyclopedia Articles

...Symphonic jazz is a hybrid musical genre for orchestra embodying elements of both classical music and jazz. Typically, this unique fusion is wrought by injecting jazz motifs and sounds into an established classical work or, alternatively...

Third Stream

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume VIII : Genres: North America

The Continuum International, 2012

Encyclopedia Articles

...Third Stream was the name given to an idiom that developed in the 1950s out of attempts to integrate techniques of jazz improvisation and those of classical composition. In the early to mid-1950s, many West Coast and cool jazz musicians...

Progressive Jazz

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume VIII : Genres: North America

The Continuum International, 2012

Encyclopedia Articles

...‘ Progressive jazz’ generally refers to a school of jazz composition and arranging from the mid-1940s to the mid-1950s, though this period could easily be extended back to the late 1930s and on through the late 1950s. Works...