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...Cayetano César Concepción Martínez (or simply César Concepción) was a Puerto Rican composer and orchestra leader. He popularized the Puerto Rican music style of plena and introduced it to Latin American ballroom dancing. Born on July 28...
...The career trajectory of Rafael Cortijo saw the percussionist take Puerto Rican proletarian idioms and spread them across the island. Born in Santurce, Puerto Rico in 1928, as a youth Cortijo learned how to make his own traditional drums...
...Nicknamed “Maelo,” and called “El Sonero Mayor” by Cuban singer Beny Moré, Ismael Rivera was born on October 5, 1931, in Santurce, Puerto Rico. Rivera was influenced by the Puerto Rican sounds of music at a young age: his mother would sing...

Requinto

George Torres

George Torres, PhD, is associate professor of music at Lafayette College, Easton, PA, where he teaches courses in music history and literature. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Encyclopedia of Latin American Popular Music

ABC-CLIO, LLC, 2013

Scholarly Books

...Requinto is a term used in both Spanish and Portuguese to refer to a small instrument that is tuned to a higher range. The most common usage for requinto is for guitar-type instruments, although there exists a high drum used in Puerto Rican...

Bomba

Encyclopedia of Latin American Popular Music

ABC-CLIO, LLC, 2013

Scholarly Books

...Bomba is an African-related tradition consisting primarily of dance and drumming styles that were developed by black slaves in Puerto Rico during the Spanish colonial period (1508–1898). Bomba is based on a call-and-response structure...

Plena

Encyclopedia of Latin American Popular Music

ABC-CLIO, LLC, 2013

Scholarly Books

...Plena, a dance music genre with pan-Caribbean commonalities, is considered to be Puerto Rico’s foremost synthetic folk and popular expression. Beginnings Most sources agree that in the beginning of the 20th century, plena, as a dance...

Bomba (Puerto Rico)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume IX : Genres: Caribbean and Latin America

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

Encyclopedia Articles

...Bomba is an African-derived drum-dance tradition from Puerto Rico that incorporates call-and-response singing, polyrhythmic drumming and a distinctively percussive dance style. For more than 300 years, bomba has provided the foundation...

Plena

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume IX : Genres: Caribbean and Latin America

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

Encyclopedia Articles

...Plena is a primarily Afro-Puerto Rican musical genre that connects the histories of Puerto Rican workers with the broader struggles of the Afro-Caribbean working classes as heirs of the repressive experiences of slavery. Emerging in Ponce...

Biguine

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume IX : Genres: Caribbean and Latin America

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

Encyclopedia Articles

...The biguine is the most renowned dance music of French Guiana, Guadeloupe and Martinique, three overseas departments of France located in the Caribbean. In this region, the term ‘biguine’ denotes an urban song of social comment and dance...

San Juan

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume III : Locations: Caribbean and Latin America

Continuum, 2016

Encyclopedia Articles

...Population: 442,447 (2000) San Juan, the capital of Puerto Rico, is situated on the island’s northeast coast, on the Atlantic Ocean. Named after San Juan Bautista, it is Puerto Rico’s largest city...