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Berimbau

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...The Brazilian berimbau de barriga, or simply berimbau, is a gourd-resonated, braced musical bow of African origin. The instrument consists of a 4’-5’ (1.2 m-1.5 m) branch of biriba, bamboo, oak or other wood bent into an arc. The bow...

Gilberto Gil

Artist Pages

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...Though Gilberto Gil began as a bossa nova musician, his career saw him play a pivotal role in the development of post-bossa nova urban musical genres and he would link them with political activism. Born in 1942 in Salvador, Brazil...

Tropicália

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume IX : Genres: Caribbean and Latin America

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

Encyclopedia Articles

...Tropicália may be understood as a ‘cultural moment’ (Süssekind 2005) in late 1960s Brazil that was manifest in nearly all realms of artistic production, especially in popular music, but also in the visual arts, theater, film and literature....

Xaxado

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume IX : Genres: Caribbean and Latin America

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

Encyclopedia Articles

...Xaxado is a song-and-dance form from the northeastern Brazilian state of Pernambuco originally – and still predominantly – performed by men. Popular in some backlands areas of the state in the 1920s (Griz in Câmara Cascudo 2000...

Gilberto Gil’s Refazenda

Marc A. Hertzman

Marc A. Hertzman is Associate Professor of History at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA, with a focus in Latin America. He is the author of Making Samba: A New History of Race and Music in Brazil (2013) and is currently working on a project about the historical memory of the death of Zumbi, the iconic leader of Palmares, Brazil's massive 17th-century fugitive slave settlement. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Bloomsbury Academic, 2020

33 1/3 Books

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...Refazenda connects a remarkable album by one of the 20th and 21st centuries' great musicians to a dazzling, often unexpected, array of people and places spread across the globe from Brazil to England to Chile to Japan. Critics and fans...

Candomblé

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume IX : Genres: Caribbean and Latin America

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

Encyclopedia Articles

...Candomblé, one of the best-known Afro-Brazilian religions, was first observed in the state of Bahia in northeastern Brazil in 1896 (Rodrigues 2005 [1896]) and has since been described there by various authors (Rodrigues 1935; Querino 1955...

Afoxé

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume IX : Genres: Caribbean and Latin America

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

Encyclopedia Articles

...The term afoxé is intrinsically connected to the Afro-Brazilian cultural context and has various interrelated meanings. It designates a musical idiophone in the xequerê family, made of a calabash covered with a net and shells, beads...

Rock in Brazil

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume IX : Genres: Caribbean and Latin America

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

Encyclopedia Articles

...As a musical genre, rock was integrated into Brazilian music in the late 1950s. As it evolved, Brazilian rock went through several phases, incorporating various rock subgenres and mixing them with other Brazilian popular music genres. Among...

Rock in Latin America

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume IX : Genres: Caribbean and Latin America

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

Encyclopedia Articles

...Rock began to spread throughout Latin America in the 1950s, undergoing various stages of evolution and related cultural movements in each country and region where it took hold. While periodization is always imperfect, an examination...

MPB

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume IX : Genres: Caribbean and Latin America

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

Encyclopedia Articles

...The initials MPB, standing for ‘Música Popular Brasileira’ (Brazilian popular music), were used for the first time in the context of competitive music festivals organized by Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo television stations as of 1965...