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...The twelve-string guitar player Blind Willie McTell introduced slide and energetic Piedmont syncopation to ragtime guitar performance. Born blind in one eye in Georgia in either 1898 or 1903, McTell had lost his vision entirely by early...
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...The music of Brazilian singer Daniela Mercury brought together the regional Afro-Caribbean axé idiom with Latin pop to create a new, internationally popular sound. Born in Salvador in 1965, Mercury grew up in a middle-class household...
...In the mid-twentieth century, Henry Mancini composed some of the most recognizable pieces from film and television scores. Born in Cleveland in 1924, Mancini was raised in Pittsburgh, where he began piccolo lessons at eight and piano...
...The Chilean composer, author, and activist Patricio Manns continued to be an important member of his country’s creative culture through seventeen years of exile. Born in Nacimiento in 1937, Manns’s parents were musical and instilled...

Pennywhistle (Africa)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...Played by urban black South Africans from the early 1900s, pennywhistles were first used extensively in the 1930s and 1940s by the ‘Scottishes’ – bands of youths who, playing pennywhistles and drums, imitated the dress and marching...

—EMI/HMV (Africa)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...EMI/HMV was the single most important record company in Sub-Saharan Africa during the first half of the twentieth century. EMI (Electric and Musical Industries Ltd.) was formed in 1931 through the merger of the Gramophone Company...

—WR Studio (Brazil)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...WR Studio was founded in 1975 in Salvador, Bahia by ex-salesperson Wesley Rangel. Initially, it produced jingles from one mixing desk and two Akai tape recorders. In 1980, with the addition of an eight-track desk, it started recording local...

—EGREM (Cuba)

Alfredo Cruz

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Dave Laing

Dave Laing is the author of several books on popular music and a former editor of Music Week. Former Research Fellow at the University of Westminster where he conducted research on the music industry. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...The record company EGREM (Estudios de Grabaciones y Ediciones Musicales) is the leading Cuban music enterprise. Until the 1990s, this state-operated corporation had a monopoly of the production, manufacturing, licensing, distribution...

—The Plant (US)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...The Plant Recording Studios in Sausalito, California opened their doors in 1972. Located just north of San Francisco, the studios were built by Chris Stone and Gary Kellgren, founders of the Los Angeles/Hollywood counterpart, the Record...

—Geffen Records (US)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...Named after its founder, the media mogul David Geffen (1941-), Geffen Records was established in 1979 with financial backing from WEA. Geffen, originally an agent, had been put in charge of Elektra-Asylum in 1973, but had left the music...