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Synchronization (2)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...‘Synchronization,’ in terms of the cinema, refers to the process of perfectly coordinating sound with an image for the exhibition of a motion picture. The practise of synchronization is as old as cinema itself: the test film that inventor...

—Nimbus 9 Studio (Canada)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...Toronto’s Nimbus 9 Studio developed from a production company of the same name, which was originally formed in 1967 by Canadian jingle writers Jack Richardson, Alan Macmillan, Ben McPeek and Peter Clayton. Over the next few years...

Hi-Fi (FFRR) (Revised 2019)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...‘Hi-fi,’ the abbreviated form of ‘high fidelity,’ is a term that refers to any sound recording that exhibits extended frequency and dynamic range. Used as early as the 1930s, the term came into widespread use during the late 1940s and,...

—Bokoor Recording Studio (Ghana)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...Bokoor (Cool) Studio was opened in 1982 by John Collins, at his father’s farm at Ofankor near Accra, Ghana. (The word ‘Bokoor,’ in Akan, means ‘coolness’ or ‘calmness.’) Collins had been managing a Ghanaian guitar band of the same name...

—Harry J Studios (Jamaica)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...Harry J Studios (also Harry J. Studios) of Kingston, Jamaica was established in 1971 by Jamaican record producer Harry Johnson, mainly on profits from 1969-71 reggae hit singles issued on his Harry J label but recorded in studios owned...

Eight-Track Cartridge (Revised 2019)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...The eight-track cartridge (also known as an ‘eight-track’ or an ‘eight-track tape’) was the most successful of a number of ready-threaded tape media developed in the United States from the late 1950s. Issuing prerecorded music on open-reel...

Record Manufacture (Revised 2019)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...The manufacture of records – that is, physical artefacts containing musical works – has become increasingly complex since the late nineteenth century. Initially, music was recorded directly onto wax cylinders with duplication achieved...

Frame (Revised 2019)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...A frame is the smallest temporal unit used in the synchronization of audio, film and video equipment. Used as part of a standardized time code scheme of hours, minutes, seconds and frames, the frame usually corresponds to a single unit...

—Compass Point Studios (the Bahamas)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...Compass Point Studios, located on beachfront property near the city of Nassau on the island of New Providence, the Bahamas, was founded in 1977 by Chris Blackwell, owner of Island Records.Far from being a facility for local Bahamian...

—Abbey Road Studios (UK)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume I : Media, Industry and Society

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...Located at 3 Abbey Road, St. John’s Wood in North London, the EMI studios were the first purpose-built recording studios in England. The residential building was converted into three custom-built studios to suit larger recordings of full...